SELECT COMMITTEE ON DELIBERATE ONLINE FALSEHOODS - CAUSES, CONSEQUENCES AND COUNTERMEASURES

Parliament has resolved to set up the Select Committee on Deliberate Online Falsehoods - Causes, Consequences and Countermeasures.

To view videos of the 10 January 2018 sitting when the Motion for the Select Committee was agreed to in Parliament, please click here

To view the Green Paper presented to Parliament on "Deliberate Online Falsehoods: Challenges and Implications" (Misc. 10 of 2018), please click here

To view the Report of the Select Committee, please click here

To view the executive summary of the Report and press releases by the Select Committee, please click here

Terms of Reference

The Select Committee's terms of reference are to examine and report on:

(a) the phenomenon of using digital technology to deliberately spread falsehoods online;

(b) the motivations and reasons for the spreading of such falsehoods, and the types of individuals and entities, both local and foreign, which engage in such activity;

(c) the consequences that the spread of online falsehoods can have on Singapore society, including to our institutions and democratic processes; and

(d) how Singapore can prevent and combat online falsehoods, including:

     (i) the principles that should guide Singapore's response; and

     (ii) any specific measures, including legislation, that should be taken.

Composition

The Select Committee comprises:
1. Deputy Speaker Charles Chong (Chairman)
2. Ms Chia Yong Yong
3. Dr Janil Puthucheary
4. Mr Desmond Lee
5. Mr Pritam Singh
6 Ms Rahayu Mahzam
7. Mr Seah Kian Peng
8. Mr K Shanmugam
9. Ms Sun Xueling
10. Mr Edwin Tong Chun Fai

Public Hearings

The Select Committee held public hearings 14 - 16, 22 - 23 and 27 - 29 March 2018.

 S/No Name Written Representation
(if any)
Video
14 March 2018
Click here for a summary of the evidence given on 14 March 2018.
1 Soon Wan Ting, Carol 
(Senior Research Fellow, Institute of Policy Studies)
Shawn Goh Ze Song
(Research Assistant, Institute of Policy Studies)
Paper No. 62 Video 1
Video 2
Video 3
2 Matthew Matthews
(Senior Research Fellow, National University of Singapore)
Paper No. 100 Video 1
Video 2
Asst Prof Michael Raska
(Assistant Professor, S. Rajaratnam, School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University)
Paper No. 97 Video 1
Video 2 
4 André Ahchak 
(Director, Communications Archbishop's Office)
Representing: Roman Catholic Archdiocese
Paper No. 49 Video 1
Video 2
Video 3
Dr Kweh Soon Han
(Lawyer/Lecturer)
Representing: Singapore Buddhist Federation
Paper No. 160
Rev Dr Ngoei Foong Nghian
Representing: National Council of Churches of Singapore
Dr Roland Chia Cheng Kim
Representing: National Council Churches of Singapore
Paper No. 124
5 Shriniwas Rai
(Lawyer)
Paper No. 27
6 Goh Yihan
(Dean of the School of Law, Singapore Management University)
Paper No. 129  Video
15 March 2018
Click here for a summary of the evidence given on 15 March 2018.
1 Shashi Jayakumar
(Head, Centre of Excellence for National Security and Executive Coordinator, Future Issues and Technology, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technology University, Singapore)
Paper No. 59
Video 1
Video 2
Video 3
2 Ruslan Deynychenko
(StopFake.org co-founder)
Representing: Stopfake.org
Paper No. 78
 Video 
3 Jakub Janda
(Head of the Kremlin Watch Program; Director of the European Values Think-Tank in Prague, Czech Republic; Advisor to the Czech Interior Ministry and Co-author of the Czech policy on countering hostile foreign influence, mainly meaning Russian disinformation)
Representing: European Values Think‐Tank
[via Video-Conference]
Paper No. 34 -
4 Dr Jānis Bērziņš
(Director, Center for Security and Strategic Studies, The National Defense Academy of Latvia)
[via Video-Conference]
Paper No. 77
Video 
5 Nataliia Popovych 
(Co-Founder, Board Member, Ukraine Crisis Media Center)
Representing: Ukraine Crisis Media Center
[via Video-Conference]

Oleksiy Makhuhin
(Head of Hybrid Warfare Analytical Group of Ukraine Crisis Media Center)
Representing: Ukraine Crisis Media Center
[via Video-Conference]
Paper No. 54
Video 
6 Assoc Prof Kevin Limonier
(Associate Professor, French Institute of Geopolitics, University of Paris 8 and Associate Researcher, Castex Chair of Cyber Strategy)
Representing: Castex Chair of Cyber Strategy
[via Video-Conference]
Paper No. 73
 Video
7 Ben Nimmo
(Senior Fellow, Information Defense Digital Forensic Research Lab)
[via Video-Conference]
Paper No. 36
Video 1
Video 2
Video 3
16 March 2018
Click here for a summary of the evidence given on 16 March 2018.
 1 This session is being held in private as it concerns matters of national security and international relations.
 2  This session is being held in private as it concerns matters of national security and international relations.
3 Septiaji Eko Nugroho
(Founder and Chairman of Masyarakat Anti Fitnah Indonesia, Mafindo/Indonesian Anti Hoax Community)
Representing: Mafindo
Paper No. 61
Video 1
Video 2
Video 3
4 Asst Prof Mohamed Elmie Bin Nekmat
(Assistant Professor, Communications and New Media, National University of Singapore)
Paper No. 149 Video  
5 Myla V. Pilao
(Director, Core Technology Marketing)
Representing: TREND MICRO INC
Paper No. 86
Video 1
Video 2
Video 3
6 Morteza Shahrezaye
(Researcher, Professorship for Political Data Science)
Representing: Dr Simon Hegelich and Morteza Shahrezaye, Technical University of Munich
Paper No. 74
Video
22 March 2018
Click here for a summary of the evidence given on 22 March 2018.
 1 Jennifer Yang Hui
(Associate Research Fellow, Centre of Excellence for National Security, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University)
Paper No. 82  Video
 2 Zubin Jain
(Student)
Paper No. 22 Video 
 3 Facebook
Represented by:
Video 1
Video 2
Video 3
Video 4
Video 5
Video 6
Video 7
Video 8
Video 9
Simon Milner
(Vice President of Public Policy for Asia-Pacific)
Alvin Tan
(Head of Public Policy for Facebook in Southeast Asia)
Paper No. 104 
Twitter Inc
Represented by:
Kathleen Mary Helen Reen
(Director, Public Policy and Philanthropy, Asia Pacific)
Chua Jin Wen Philip
(Global Lead for Government and Elections)
Paper No. 153
Asia Internet Coalition
Represented by:
Jeff Paine
(Managing Director, Asia Internet Coalition)
Paper No. 119
Google
Represented by:
Irene Jay Liu
(News Lab Lead, APAC)
Paper No. 138
 4 Singtel
Represented by:
 Video
Yuen Kuan Moon
(Chief Executive Officer, Consumer Singapore)
Slattery Sean Patrick
(Vice President, Regulatory & Interconnect)
Paper No. 121
StarHub Ltd
Represented by:
Tim Goodchild
(Head, Regulatory Affairs)
Paper No. 126
23 March 2018
Click here for a summary of the evidence given on 23 March 2018.
 1 Gaurav Keerthi 
(Founder, dialectic.sg and confirm.sg)
Paper No. 28  Video 
 2 Professor Thio Li-ann
(Professor of Law, Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore)
Paper No. 55  Video
 3 Singapore Press Holdings (SPH)
Represented by:
Video 1
Video 2
Video 3
Video 4
Warren Fernandez
(Editor, The Straits Times and Editor-in-chief, English, Malay and Tamil Media Group)
Goh Sin Teck
(Editor, Lianhe Zaobao and Lianhe Wanbao)
Mohamed Sa'at bin Abdul Rahman
(Editor, Berita Harian)
Paper No. 148
 Channel NewsAsia
Represented by: 
Walter Fernandez
(Editor-in-chief)
Jaime Ho
(Chief Editor, Digital News)
Paper No. 39
 4 Mothership.sg
Represented by: 
Video 
Lien We King
(Managing Director)
Martino Tan
(Deputy Managing Director & Managing Editor)
Paper No.159
 5 PAP Policy Forum (PPF)
Represented by: 
Video
Vikram Nair
(Lawyer & Member of Parliament)
Tay Guan Yong, Benjamin
(Lawyer)
Jude Tan Kim Chooi
(General Manager)
Sujatha Selvakumar
(Lawyer)
Paper No.107
 6 Professor Gerald M. Steinberg
(President, NGO Monitor)
[via Video-Conference]
Paper No. 117 Video 1
Video 2
 7 NTUC Fairprice Co-operative Ltd
Represented by: 
Video 
Poh Leong Sim
(Co-operative Secretary)
Jonas Kor
(Director, Corporate Communications)
Chong Nyet Chin
(Director, Food Safety & Quality)
Paper No. 33 
 8 Singapore Corporate Counsel Association & Singapore Press Club
Represented by: 
Video
Patrick Daniel
(President, Singapore Press Club)
Wong Taur-Jiun
(President, Singapore Corporate Counsel Association)
Dr Stanley Lai
(Partner, Allen & Gledhill)
Zakir Hussain
(Foreign Editor, The Straits Times, SPH)
Angeline Lee
(President Emeritus, Singapore Corporate Counsel Association)
Lau Joon Nie
(Vice President, Singapore Press Club)
Paper No. 155 
 9 Dr Gillian Koh
(Deputy Director, Research, Institute of Policy Studies, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore)
Paper No. 152  Video
27 March 2018 
Click here for a summary of the evidence given on 27 March 2018.
 1 Prof Hany Farid
(Professor & Chair, Dartmouth College, Department of Computer Science) 
[via Video-Conference]
 Paper No. 17 Video 1
Video 2
 2 Benjamin Ang
(Senior Fellow/Coordinator Cyber and Homeland Defence, Centre of Excellence for National Security (CENS), S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University) 
 Paper No. 135 Video
 3 Hazrul A. Jamari
(Entrepreneur) 
 Paper No. 13 Video 
Zhulkarnain Abdul Rahim
(Lawyer)
 Paper No. 80
Roses of Peace
Represented by:
Abbas Ali Mohamed Irshad
(Founder & President)
Jonathan Tan Bingxian
(Director, Community Outreach)
Nadim Kapadia
(VP Development)
 Paper No. 158
National Library Board
Represented by:
Wai Yin Pryke (Ng Wai Yin)
(Director)
Sara Pek Leng Leng
(Senior Manager, Engagement)
Chow Wun Han
(Assistant Director, Content & Services, General Reference, Statutory & Digital Content)
 Paper No. 40 Video 
 5 Prof Cherian George
(Professor of Media Studies, School of Communication, Hong Kong Baptist University) 
 Paper No. 47 Video 1
Video 2
Howard Lee
(Former Website Editor and Current PhD Student)
[via Video-Conference]
Paper No. 12
Paper No. 12A
Video 1
Video 2
Video 3
Kirsten Han
(Journalist & Writer)
Paper No. 48
 The Online Citizen (TOC)
Represented by:
Terry Xu
(Chief Editor)
 Paper No. 154
 MARUAH
(Working Group for an ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism, Singapore)
Represented by:
Ngiam Shih Tung
(Vice-President)
Paper No. 112 
Community Action Network (CAN)
Represented by:
Jolovan Wham
(Social Worker)
Paper No. 72  Video
28 March 2018 
Click here for a summary of the evidence given on 28 March 2018.
 1 Asst Prof Liew Kai Khiun
(Assistant Professor, Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University)
Paper No. 46 Video 1
Video 2
Assoc Prof Alton Chua
(Associate Professor and Associate Chair - Research,
Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University)
Paper No. 38
 2 Prakash Kumar Hetamsaria
(CFO)
Paper No. 18 Video 1
Video 2
Raja Mohan M K
(Chief Programme Officer)
Paper No. 98
 3  Dan Shefet
(Individual Specialist to UNESCO and French lawyer specialized in European Law and IT Law)
Paper No. 75 Video 1
Video 2
 4 Assoc Prof Eugene Tan
(Associate Professor of Law, School of Law,
Singapore Management University)
Paper No. 150 Video
 5 Dr Norman Vasu
(Senior Fellow, Centre of Excellence for National Security, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies)
Paper No. 63 Video
 6  Andrew Loh
(Self-investor; Co-founder & Former Editor, The Online Citizen; Founder & Editor, publichouse.sg)
Paper No. 137  Video 1
Video 2
 Video 3 
 29 March 2018 
1 Er Shengtian, Rachel
(Law undergraduate, National University of Singapore)
Joel Jaryn Yap Shen
(Law undergraduate, National University of Singapore)
Paper No. 51  Video 1
Video 2
Singapore Management University (2nd Year LLB Students)
Represented by:
Simran Kaur Sandhu
(Student)
Gloria Chan Hui En
(Student)
Paper No. 101 
Team
Comprising: Sui Yi Siong, Choo Hao Ren Lyndon, Chen Lixin, Aaron Yoong, Joon Wei

Represented by:
Sui Yi Siong
(Lawyer)
Chen Lixin
(Undergraduate)
Paper No. 130 
2 Dr Thum Ping Tjin
(Historian, Founder, Managing Director and Research Director, New Naratif; Research Fellow in History and Coordinator of Project Southeast Asia, University of Oxford, 2014 - present)
Paper No. 83  Video 1
Video 2
Video 3
Video 4
 3  Nicholas Fang
(Managing Director, Black Dot Pte Ltd)
Paper No. 144  Video 1
Video 2
4 Prof Lim Sun Sun
(Professor of Media & Communication and Head of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, Singapore University of Technology and Design)
Paper No. 110 

Members of the public who wish to attend the hearings are to observe the following advisory which can be found here

Written Representations

The Select Committee agreed to publish the following written representations.  

 S/No Name of written representor Written representations
1 Ong Junkai
(Self-employed)
Paper No. 1
2 Yu Qinxu
(Management Consultant)
Paper No. 2
3 Gan Siok Bin
(Retired accountant)
Paper No. 3
 4  Ler Han Qiang
(Engineer)
Paper No. 4
 5 Rongxiang Lin
(Self-employed Computer Engineer)
Paper No. 5
 6 COL (Ret) K. Kuharajahsingam
(Counselor)
Paper No. 6
 7 Erwin
Paper No. 7
 8 Dr Rex Yeap
(Lecturer)
Paper No. 8
 9 Dr Lee Hock Seng
(Private Family Physician)
Paper No. 9
 10 Chandra Das
(Property Agent)
Paper No. 10
 11 Yvonne Wong
(Unemployed)
Paper No. 11
12 Howard Lee
(PhD student)
Paper No. 12
Paper No. 12A
13 Hazrul A. Jamari
(Entrepreneur)
Paper No. 13
 14 Ang Chin Chye
(Lawyer)
Paper No. 14
 15 Han Hui Hui
(Blogger)
Paper No. 15
16 Yeo Boon Eng
(Tutor)
Paper No. 16
17 Hany Farid
(Professor & Chair Computer Science )
Paper No. 17
18 Prakash Kumar Hetamsaria
(CFO)
Paper No. 18
19 Toh Hwee Boon
(Freelance Counsellor)
Paper No. 19
20 Anonymous
Paper No. 20
21 Raymond Khng Guan Gek
(Unemployed)
Paper No. 21
22 Zubin Jain
(Student)
Paper No. 22
23 Edwin Ho
(Self-trading in financial markets)
Paper No. 23
25 Nga Thio Ping
(Retiree)
Paper No. 25
26 Bertha Henson
(Adjunct Professor and part-time blogger)
Paper No. 26
27 Shiriniwas Rai
(Lawyer)
Paper No. 27
28 Gaurav Keerthi
(Founder of dialectic.sg and confirm.sg)
Paper No. 28
29 Kevin Seah
(Private tutor, freelance editor/writer)
Paper No. 29
30 Wilson Na
(Software Engineer)
Paper No. 30
31 Teymoor Nabili
(Freelance journalist, host of the "Perspectives" current affairs show on CNA)
Paper No. 31
32 Darius Lee
(Advocate and solicitor)
Paper No. 32
33 NTUC Fairprice Co-operative Ltd
Paper No. 33
34 European Values Think-Tank
Paper No. 34
35 Edmund Chow
(Postdoc Research Fellow)
Mohamad Abdillah Zamzuri
(Director (Arts & Education))
Nadine Yap

(Chief Customer Success Officer)
Osman Sulaiman
(Business Owner)
Ravi Chandran Philemon
(Executive Director)
Wendy Koh Lai May
(Educationist)

Paper No. 35
36 Ben Nimmo
(Senior Fellow Information Defense Digital Forensic Research Lab)
Paper No. 36
37 Matthew Soo Yee
(Awaiting matriculation)
Paper No. 37
38 Assoc Prof Alton Chua
(Currently Associate Professor, and Associate Chair (Research) at the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University)
Paper No. 38
39 Senior Editors of Channel NewsAsia
Paper No. 39
40 National Library Board
Paper No. 40
41 The Independent
Paper No. 41
42 Nicolas Arpagian
(Director of Strategy, Orange Cyberdefense. Scientific Director, Cybersecurity Program, National Institute for Security & Judicial Studies (INHESJ – French Prime Minister Office) )
Paper No. 42
43 Singapore Philosphy Group
Paper No. 43
44 Associate Professor Ullrich Ecker
(Associate Professor Director, Community and Engagement School of Psychological Science University of Western Australia )
Paper No. 44
45 Anthony Chia
(Business Consultant)
Paper No. 45
46 Assistant Professor Liew Kai Khiun
(Assistant Professor with the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information at the Nanyang Technological University)
Paper No. 46
47 Professor Cherian George
(Professor of Media Studies, School of Communication, Hong Kong Baptist University)
Paper No. 47
48 Kirsten Han
(Journalist & Writer)
Paper No. 48
49 Titular Roman Catholic Archbishop of Singapore (TRCAS)
Paper No. 49
50 Jev Akshay s/o Jeevan
(Student & Writer)
Paper No. 50
51 Er Shengtian, Rachel
Joel Jaryn Yap Shen
(Law undergraduates at the National University of Singapore)
Paper No. 51
52 Calvin Cheng Ern Lee
(Entrepreneur)
Paper No. 52
Paper No. 52A
53 Chong Ja Ian
(Teacher)
Paper No. 53
54 Nataliia Popovych
(Co-Founder, Board Member, Ukraine Crisis Media Center)
Oleksiy Makhuhin
(Head of Hybrid Warfare Analytical Group of Ukraine Crisis Media Center)
Paper No. 54
55 Professor Thio Li-ann
(Professor of Law)
Paper No. 55
57 Function 8
Paper No. 57
58 AWARE
Paper No. 58
59 Shashi Jayakumar
(Head, Centre of Excellence for National Security & Executive Coordinator, Future Issues and Technology, S.Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)
Paper No. 59
60 Chee Muk Onn Danielle
Kang Darren
Chu Jian Ren Felicia
Noor Syazana Bte Rafeeq Ahamed
Jacelyn Loh Liang Nee
Tan Ler Min, Jelisa
(Students)
Zheng Liren
(Lecturer)
Paper No. 60
61 Mafindo/ Indonesian Anti Hoax Community
Paper No. 61
62 Soon Wan Ting, Carol
(Senior Research Fellow (Institute of Policy Studies))
Shawn Goh Ze Song
(Research Assistant (Institute of Policy Studies))
Paper No. 62
63 Norman Vasu
(Senior Fellow, Centre of Excellence for National Security, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies)
Paper No. 63
64 Seah Ming Yan Bertrand
(Student)
Paper No. 64
65 Cedric Choo
(Undergraduate Student, Yale-NUS College)
Paper No. 65
66 Ronald Chan
(Semi-retired)
Paper No. 66
67 Ng Kok Hua
(Retired)
Paper No. 67
68 Julian Sng Wei Meng
(Tertiary Student)
Paper No. 68
69 On behalf of roundtable discussion between Singapore Press Holdings, the National University of Singapore, the Singapore Management University, the Media Literacy Council, Mothership, the Asia Internet Coalition, Twitter, Facebook, Rajah & Tann and others. Paper No. 69
70 Valerie
Paper No. 70
71 Datos Concepción
Paper No. 71
72 Community Action Network (CAN) Paper No. 72
73 Castex Chair of Cyberstrategy Paper No. 73
74 Simon Hegelich
(Professor for political data science at the Bavarian School of Public Policy at the Technical University of Munich)
Morteza Shahrezaye
(Researcher at the professorship for political data science)
Paper No. 74
75 Dan Shefet
(Individual Specialist to UNESCO and French lawyer specialized in European Law and IT Law)
Paper No. 75
76 Singapore Unbound Paper No. 76
77 Dr. Jānis Bērziņš
(Director Center for Security and Strategic Studies The National Defense Academy of Latvia )
Paper No. 77
78 StopFake.org Paper No. 78
79 Liew Siow Gian Patrick
(Business Owner)
Paper No. 79
80 Zhulkarnain Abdul Rahim
(Lawyer)
Paper No. 80
81 Isaac Neo Yi Chong
(Student)
Paper No. 81
82 Jennifer Yang Hui
(Associate Research Fellow Centre of Excellence for National Security )
Paper No. 82
83 Dr. Thum Ping Tjin
(Historian and also the founder, Managing Director, and Research Director of New Naratif. Research Fellow in History and Coordinator of Project Southeast Asia at the University of Oxford (2014- present))
Paper No. 83
84 Benjamin Joshua Ong
(Lecturer of Law (FDS) School of Law, Singapore Management University )
Paper No. 84
85 Chui Jian Wei
(Civil Servant)
Paper No. 85
86 TREND MICRO INC Paper No. 86
87 Rajesh Sreenivasan
(Partner of Rajah & Tann Singapore LLP and head of its Technology, Media & Telecommunications practice)
Paper No. 87
88 Lao Yuen Seong
(Sales)
Paper No. 88
89 Liu Ching Man
(Manager)
Paper No. 89
90 Chua Jiawen
(Strategy Manager)
Paper No. 90
91 Associate Professor Alan Chong
(Associate Professor Centre for Multilateralism Studies Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies )
Paper No. 91
92 Jiang Haolie
(University student)
Paper No. 92
93 Cheng Zai Hui Paper No. 93
94 Claire Wardle
(Research Fellow at the Shorenstein Center for Media, Politics and Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School and Executive Director of First Draft)
Paper No. 94
95 Sin Kin Kok
(Retired)
Paper No. 95
96 Professor Kalina Bontcheva
(Professor of Text Analytics)
Paper No. 96
97 Assistant Professor Michael Raska
(Assistant Professor S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies Nanyang Technological University )
Paper No. 97
98 Raja Mohan M K
(Chief Programme Officer)
Paper No. 98
99 Sabaratnam Ratnakumar
(Retiree)
Paper No. 99
100 Mathew Mathews
(Senior Research Fellow)
Paper No. 100
101 Simran Kaur Sandhu
Gloria Chan Hui En
Daryl Gan
Cheah You Yuan
Singapore Management University (2nd Year LLB students)
Paper No. 101
102 Kriel.Agency Paper No. 102
104 Facebook Paper No. 104
105 Benjamin Chen
(Student of Nanyang Technological University)
Paper No. 105
106 Chua Jun Hao
(NTU Year 3 Accountacy Student)
Paper No. 106
107 PAP Policy Forum (PPF)
Paper No. 107
108 Kwek Suat Yee
(Doctor)
Paper No. 108
109 Siew Yaw Hoong
(Engineer)
Paper No. 109
110 Professor Lim Sun Sun
(Professor of Media & Communication and Head of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences at the Singapore University of Technology and Design)
Paper No. 110
111 Anonymous
Paper No. 111
112 MARUAH (Working Group for an ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism, Singapore) Paper No. 112
113 Yam Yi Jie
Paper No. 113
114 Qsearch
Paper No. 114
115 Tisane Labs Pte. Ltd.
Paper No. 115
116 Yeo Chee Hian
(Engineer)
Paper No. 116
117 Prof. Gerald M. Steinberg
(Bar Ilan University Ramat Gan, Israel and President, NGO Monitor)
Paper No. 117
118 Stephen Lim
Paper No. 118
119 Asia Internet Coalition (AIC) Paper No. 119
120 Sudhir Thomas Vadaketh
(Writer)
Paper No. 120
121 Singtel
Paper No. 121
122 Thiruprakassh S/O Suppiah
(Manufacturing Manager)
Paper No. 122
123 Adrian Kwek
(Senior lecturer at Singapore University of Social Sciences (SUSS))
Paper No. 123
124 The National Council of Churches of Singapore (NCCS)
Paper No. 124
125 Mediacorp Pte Ltd Paper No. 125
126 StarHub Ltd
Paper No. 126
127 Lim Puay Kuan
(PA Trainer)
Paper No. 127
128 Ngoh Wang Long
(Application Support)
Paper No. 128
129 Goh Yihan
(Dean of the School of Law, Singapore Management University)
Paper No. 129
130 Sui Yi Siong
(Lawyer)
Choo Hao Ren, Lyndon
Chen Lixin
Aaron Yoong Joon Wei
(Undergraduates)
Paper No. 130
131 Kwok Siang (Guo Xiang)
(Student)
Paper No. 131
132 Cheah Wenjie
Chester Su Yong Meng
(3rd Year Undergraduates Full-Time at NUS)
Paper No. 132
133 Lim Sheng Kang Shaun
(Fourth-year student at the Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore)
Paper No. 133
134 Timothy Tan
Paper No. 134
135 Benjamin Ang
(Senior Fellow / Coordinator Cyber and Homeland Defence, Centre of Excellence for National Security (CENS), S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University)
Paper No. 135
136 Internet Society Singapore Chapter (ISOCSG) Paper No. 136
137 Andrew Loh Hong Puey
(Self-investor)
Paper No. 137
138 Google
Paper No. 138
139 Andrew Fung
(Career Coach)
Paper No. 139
140 Teo Geok Choo
(Housewife)
Paper No. 140
141 Chong Huat Kwong (Jeffery)
(Senior Operations Manager)
Paper No. 141
142 Chen Sicong
Tay Wei Jie, Joel
(Undergraduate law students from the Singapore Management University)
Paper No. 142
143 Ang Peng Hwa
(Lecturer Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University)
Paper No. 143
144 Nicholas Fang
(Managing Director, Black Dot Pte Ltd)
Paper No. 144
145 Alan Ting Yee Chong
(Director)
Paper No. 145
146 Chong Zi Liang
Paper No. 146
147 Carlos Nicholas Fernandes
(Technology Entrepreneur and retired member of the MTI’s Pro-Enterprise Panel)
Paper No. 147
148 Singapore Press Holdings (SPH)
Paper No. 148
149 Assistant Professor Mohamed Elmie Bin Nekmat
(Assistant Professor, Communications and New Media, National University of Singapore)
Paper No. 149
150 Associate Professor Eugene Tan
(Associate Professor of Law, School of Law, Singapore Management University)
Paper No. 150
151 Transient Workers Count Too (TWC2) and Humanitarian Organization for Migrant Economics (HOME) Paper No. 151
152 Dr Gillian Koh
(Deputy Director (Research) Institute of Policy Studies, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore)
Paper No. 152
153 Twitter Inc
Paper No. 153
154 The Online Citizen (TOC) Paper No. 154
155 Singapore Press Club and Singapore Corporate Counsel Association Paper No. 155
156 Lim Shi Mei
Benjamin Yiwen Smith
(Postgraduate Students)
Paper No. 156
157 Dr Shobha Avadhani
(Instructor at the Centre for English Language Communication, National University of Singapore)
Paper No. 157
158 Roses of Peace Paper No. 158
159 Mothership.sg Paper No. 159
160 Singapore Buddhist Federation
Paper No. 160
161 Joses Ho
(Research Fellow)
Tan Jian Xiong David
(Research Assistant)
Ervin Tan
(Lawyer)
Gwyneth Teo
(Journalist)
Paper No. 161
162 Jonathan Lim
(Lawyer)
Paper No. 162
163 Roy Fung
(Managing Director)
Paper No. 163
164 Tan Keng Sooi
(Retiree)
Paper No. 164
165 Lim Boon Tiong Terence
(Craftsman)
Paper No. 165
166 Media Literacy Council Paper No. 166
167 Benjamin Goh
Paper No. 167
168 Anonymous
Paper No. 168
169 Embassy of the Russian Federation in Singapore Paper No. 169
170 Iwan Rahabok
(IT Architect)
Paper No. 170